The inspection conducted by the drivers of the commercial vehicle is known as the driver-vehicle inspection report or DVIR. You can inspect in two slots pre-trip inspection and post-trip inspection.
- Pre-Trip Inspection: The inspection is fetched at the beginning of the day or before the actual work starts, whereas
- Post-Trip Inspection: The inspection is carried at the end of the day when driving is finished.
To keep their vehicles in good condition, an inspection of each vehicle is essential and daily routine for truck drivers because of fleet compliance and road safety.
Tips Regarding Vehicle Inspections
- Driver vehicle inspection report or DVIR is a legal obligation in the United States.
- The truck drivers must have DVIRs for three months from the report is submitted.
- If the motor vehicle fails in inspections, immediately remove those specific vehicles from the roads until the repair is not done or gets completed. If you did not add any cost of repair or fines, then the out-of-service truck carries an average $861 price.
- FMCSA conducts more the 3.5 inspections yearly.
- In North America under annual international road check.2, almost in a day, every 15 trucks or buses are inspected every minute.
- FMCSA passed a list that mentioned approximately 9,000 injuries and 14,000 crashes. Among them, three are prevented due to commercial vehicle roadside inspections programs.
According to the United States, federal regulations 49 CFR $396.11, driver vehicle inspection report (DVIR) is the requirement. The vehicle inspection system also exists in other countries like our neighbor country Ontario in Canada.
This decision does not apply to the passenger-carrying vehicle. The pre and post-inspection report must be submitted, and the conveyors keep the records $396.3, including maintenance, repair, and inspection.
Section §396.11 has various exemptions and DVIR execution do not apply to the following –
- Motor carriers can take only one motor vehicle
- Driveaway -Towaway
- Motor runners are taking passengers but not as a business.
What Does Vehicle Inspection Incorporate?
- Below are the regulations at $396.11, the vehicle inspection report include:
- Rearview mirrors
- Tires, wheels, and rims
- Coupling equipment and fifth wheels
- Windshield wipers
- Brakes and air system
- Safety and emergency equipment
- Lights and reflectors
- Steering mechanism
If the truck has a power unit and trailer, drivers must also check that before operating the vehicle.
What Is The DVIR Procedure?
The DVIR has various steps to follow:
- Identification of defects
- Signing the report
- Corrective action
Vehicle Inspection: In the vehicle inspection, the driver performs a circle around the vehicle, check under the hood, and walk around to find the damage or defect.
Report Defects: It is the driver’s responsibility to report the deficiencies or defects that lead to a breakdown or impact the vehicle’s safe operation.
Sign Off: Before submitted the reports to the motor carriers, the driver signs the report.
Corrective Action And Certification Repairs: The defect provided to motor carriers must be certified immediately before affecting the vehicle ‘s safe operation.
What Are The Carriers Culpability Connected To DVIRs?
The motor carriers repair the defects or take out the missing parts. If the repairs are found unnecessary to stop unsafe operations, then this is the responsibility of carriers to certify the repair wasn’t needed.
The carriers are required to keep DVIR certification for a minimum of three months at the proposition place of business or at the place where the vehicle resides or is conserved.
What Are The Valid Reason Behind DVIR Need?
In the United States, the roadside inspection of vehicles is conducted by Motor Carrier SafetyAssistance Program. The inspection is carried on eight levels:
- Vehicle/walk-around driver
- Special inspections
- Vehicle only
- Radioactive Material
- Jurisdictional mandated
- Electronic inspection
Fines Regarding Non-Inspection
Carriers did not do the inspection of the vehicle with DVIR regulations are fined from the department of transportation officer in their direction.
The eDIVRs are used for uploading the inspection report. This system enhances the work quality. The driver’s process is much more efficient because commercial vehicle drivers can upload their vehicle’s deficiency through smartphones or tablets.